DNA labeling by nick translation (biotin/digoxigenin)

Edited by Chang Zhu
1. Cool a microcentrifuge tube on ice and mix the following on ice.

10X dNTP mix (- dATP)
(0.2 mM each dCTP, dGTP, dTTP, 500 mM Tris-HCl (pH 7.8)
50 mM MgCl2, 100 mM beta-mercaptoethanol, 100 mg/ml nuclease-free BSA)
5 ml
10X dATP mix
(0.1 mM dATP, 0.1 mM biotin-14-dATP or 0.1 mM digoxigenin-dATP)
5 ml
DNA (plasmid, BAC, YAC, etc.) 1 mg
10X Enzyme Mix
(0.5 U/ml DNA Polymerase I, 0.007 U/ml DNase I, 50 mM Tris-HCl (pH 7.5),
5 mM magnesium chloride, 0.1 mM phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride,
50% (v/v) glycerol, 100 mg/ml nuclease-free BSA)
5 ml
ddH20 to 50 ml

2. Mix thoroughly and centrifuge briefly. Incubate at 15 C for 1-2 hours.

3. Stop the reaction by placing the tubes in -20 C.

4. Run 2 ml in 1-2% agarose gel to check probe size. The peak size should be between 50-500 bp (or 100-300 bp).

5. If the peak size is bigger than this, add 5 ml 10X enzyme mix, incubate at 15 C for a further 30-60 min. Run another aliquot on a gel to test the size.

6. Stop the reaction by either adding 2 ml 0.5M EDTA (pH8.0) or heating to 75 C for 10 minutes.

7. Chill on ice.