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Star Republic: Guide for Biologists

The Single-Letter Amino Acid Code

  • G - Glycine (Gly)
  • P - Proline (Pro)
  • A - Alanine (Ala)
  • V - Valine (Val)
  • L - Leucine (Leu)
  • I - Isoleucine (Ile)
  • M - Methionine (Met)
  • C - Cysteine (Cys)
  • F - Phenylalanine (Phe)
  • Y - Tyrosine (Tyr)
  • W - Tryptophan (Trp)
  • H - Histidine (His)
  • K - Lysine (Lys)
  • R - Arginine (Arg)
  • Q - Glutamine (Gln)
  • N - Asparagine (Asn)
  • E - Glutamic Acid (Glu)
  • D - Aspartic Acid (Asp)
  • S - Serine (Ser)
  • T - Threonine (Thr)

  • Z - Glutamate or Glutamine

  • X - any
  • * - translation stop