Journal Impact Factors

Journal Impact Factor is from Journal Citation Report (JCR), a product of Clarivate. JCR provides quantitative tools for evaluating journals. The impact factor is one of these; it is a measure of the frequency with which the "average article" in a journal has been cited in a given period of time.

The impact factor for a journal is calculated based on a three-year period, and can be considered to be the average number of times published papers are cited up to two years after publication. For example, the journal impact factor 2021 for a journal would be calculated as follows:

A = the number of times articles published in 2021 were cited in indexed journals during 2022

B = the number of articles, reviews, proceedings or notes published in 2018-2019

impact factor 2021 = A/B

(note that the impact factor 2021 will be published in 2023, because it could not be calculated until all of the 2022 publications had been received. Journal impact factor year Y will be published in year Y + 1)

Impact factor of Nature, Science and Cell journals can be found on their journal websites.


Science Watch provides ranking and impact factor for selective journals. The list is located here: - Biomedical Literature Search Engine - Impact factor based Literature Search Engine
MIT Biology Hyertextbook
Cell Biology Protocols